Anxiety disorders are a group of mental disorders characterized by feelings of anxiety and fear. Anxiety corresponds to the concern with future events and fear is a reaction to the events of the present. These feelings can cause physical symptoms such as fast heart rate or tremors. There are various anxiety disorders according to the causes of the symptoms, including generalised anxiety disorder, phobias, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, agoraphobia and panic disorder. It is however very common for people to have more than one anxiety disorder.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalised anxiety disorder is characterized by a state of anxiety persistent excessive which is not dependent on the context and is disproportionate to events occurring on most days for a period of at least 6 months.
Phobia is a type of anxiety disorder characterized by persistent fear or repulsion of an object or situation. Phobias usually cause the onset of fear and are present for more than six months. The affected person exerts great efforts to avoid the situation or the object, generally to a greater degree in relation to the actual danger of the object or situation itself.
Social anxiety disorder is characterized by expressions of alarm, nervous tension, fear and discomfort triggered by exposure to a range of social circumstances. People affected by this pathology understand that their fears are excessive and irrational, yet they experience great anxiety and apprehension in confronting socially feared situations and got to abnormal lengths tp avoid them.
Separation anxiety disorder
Separation anxiety disorder is a psychological classified condition within the spectrum of anxiety disorders where an individual has excessive anxiety concerning separation from home or from people to whom they have a strong relationship attachments (such as partner, mother or father).