Depression is a type of mood disorder characterized by a persistent sense of sadness and loss of interest. It has an impact on how you feel, think and behave, and it can lead to a variety of mental and physical problems. It's also known as clinical depression or major depressive disorder.
Depression is not caused by having too much or too little of certain brain chemicals, according to research. A variety of factors can contribute to depressive disorders, including poor mood regulation by the brain, genetic predisposition, stressful life events, drugs, and medical issues. Long-term unemployment, being in an abusive or uncaring relationship, long-term isolation or loneliness, and chronic work stress are all factors that are more likely than recent life difficulties to lead to depression.
Depression symptoms include overwhelming sadness, grief, and a sense of guilt. It could be described as despondency or emptiness. Some people may find it difficult to put their feelings into words. Because symptoms may manifest and cause physical reactions, it may be difficult for children to understand.
The five main warning signs of mental illness are as follows:
- Excessive paranoia, worry, or anxiety
- Anger or sadness that lasts a long time.
- Mood swings that are out of control.
- Exclusion from social situations.
- Significant changes in eating or sleeping habits.
When you have depression, you are constantly unhappy, even if you have no reason to be. It may feel like a lingering sense of emptiness or heavy-headedness that you can't pinpoint when it started, and you begin to believe that there is no end in sight to this overwhelming feeling.
Depression is a mood disorder characterized by an aversion to activities, which can have an impact on a person's thoughts, behaviors, feelings, and overall well-being.
Depressed people frequently experience sad, nervous, empty, hopeless, frightened, helpless, worthless, guilty, angry, hurt, or restless feelings. They may lose interest in previously pleasurable activities, lose or overeat, struggle to concentrate, remember details, or make decisions, and consider or attempt suicide. Insomnia, excessive sleep, fatigue, a lack of energy, a change in diet, suffering, discomfort, or digestive disorders resistant to therapy are all possible symptoms.
A depressed mood isn't always a sign of a psychological disorder. It can be a reaction to a specific event, the result of a medical condition, or even a medication or medical treatment side effect. Depressed mood is also a distinguishing feature of certain mental illnesses, such as clinical depression.
Depression can be treated and its symptoms alleviated, but it cannot be "cured." The goal is to achieve remission rather than cure. There is no universally accepted definition of remission because it varies from person to person. People in remission may still have symptoms or have reduced functionality.